Friday, April 24, 2009

Commonly found sea fish species in Kerala

These are the fishes commonly found in inshore and deep sea habitats of Kerala coast. For each type of fish only the commonly found species are listed.

Detailed list from


Sardine is the common name given to a number of oily fish species belonging to the family Clupeidae.

Name: Goldstripe sardinella
Scientific Name: Sardinella gibbosa
Malayalam: Chaala, Mathi

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Name: Indian oil sardine

Scientific Name: Sardinella Longiceps
Malayalam: Chaala, Mathi

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Name: Fringescale sardinella
Scientific Name: Sardinella fimbriata
Malayalam: Kari-chaala

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Name: Indian Mackerel
Scientific Name: Rastrelliger kanagurta
Malayalam: Ayala

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Name: Black Pomfret
Scientific Name: Parastromateus
Malayalam: Aavoli

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Name: Silver Pomfret
Scientific Name: Pampus argenteus
Malayalam: Velutha Aavoli

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Seer fish

Name: Seer fish, King-fish, Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel
Scientific Name: Scomberomorus commerson
Malayalam: Naimeen / Ayakoora

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Name: Seer Fish, Indo-Pacific king mackerel

Scientific Name: Scomberomorus guttatus
Malayalam: Naimeen / Ayakoora

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Name: Wahoo
Scientific Name: Acanthocybium solandri
Malayalam: Ayakoora

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Name: Kawa Kawa, Mackerel Tuna
Scientific Name: Euthynnus affinis
Malayalam: Choora

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Name: Pacific Bonito
Scientific Name: Sarda chilensis
Malayalam: Choora

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Name: Pacific bluefin tuna
Scientific Name: Thunnus orientalis
Malayalam: Choora

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Name: Striped bonito
Scientific Name: Sarda orientalis
Malayalam: Vaari Choora

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Name: Frigate tuna
Scientific Name: Auxis thazard thazard
Malayalam: Ellichoora, Ayalachoora

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Elasmobranchs (sharks, skates and rays)


More than sixty species of sharks are found in Indian waters of which more than twenty of the Carcharhinidae and Sphyrnidae families contribute to fishery.

Name: Blacktip shark
Scientific Name: Carcharhinus limbatus
Malayalam: Sraavu, choraku

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Name: Spadenose shark
Scientific Name: Scoliodon laticaudus
Malayalam: Sraavu, choraku

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Name: Whitecheek shark
Scientific Name: Carcharhinus dussumieri
Malayalam: Sraavu, choraku

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Ray fish

Name: Javanese cownose ray
Scientific Name: Rhinoptera javanica
Malayalam: Therandi, Tirandi

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Name: White tail sting ray
Scientific Name: Dasyatis bleekeri
Malayalam: Therandi, Tirandi

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List of other sharks and rays-


Name: Pink perch, Japanese threadfin bream
Scientific Name: Nemipterus japonicus
Malayalam: Kilimeen

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Name: Convict Surgeonfish
Scientific Name: Acanthurus triostegus
Malayalam: Kurichil

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Name: Indian anchovy
Scientific Name: Stolephorus indicus
Malayalam: Kozhuva, Natholi, Nethal

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Name: Silver Moony, Fingerfish
Scientific Name: Monodactylus Argenteus

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Name: Jew fish
Scientific Name: Nibea soldado
Malayalam: Kora

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Name: Bengal tongue-sole, Sole Fish
Scientific Name: Cynoglossus semifasciatus
Malayalam: Nangu, Manthal

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Name: Bluefin trevally
Scientific Name: Caranx melampygus
Malayalam: Vatta

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Name: False trevally
Scientific Name:
Lactarius lactarius
Malayalam: Parava

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Name: Finletted mackerel
Scientific Name: Megalaspis cordyla
Malayalam: Thiriyan, Vangada, Kanni ayala

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Name: Blacktip sea catfish
Scientific Name: Plicofollis dussumier
Malayalam: Etta

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Name: Malabar thryssa
Scientific Name: Thryssa malabarica
Malayalam: Manangu

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Name: White sardine
Scientific Name: Escualosa thoracata
Malayalam: Veloori

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Name: Black Spot Snapper
Scientific Name: Lutjanus fulviflamus
Malayalam: Pahari, murumeen

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Name: Pickhandle barracuda

Scientific Name: Sphyraena jello
Malayalam: Seelavu

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Common fresh water fishes found in Kerala

Tags: meen, matsyam, Chala, Thirandi, sraav, matthi, manang, Neimeen, Ayakora, Avoli, Akoli, Ayila, Chura, Nai meen, vari choora, Therendi, aikora, sravu, tiriyan, nanmeen, vankada, thiriyaan, mananku, Ayla, matti, naymeen, Thirendi, Veluri, tiriyaan, neymeen, sheelavu, yetta, srank, therendy, yeta, Aiykoora, nemmeen.